Saint Dominic carried the Gospel of Matthew with him wherever he went. That is the reason that we see a book in most of the representations of St. Dominic, both in statue and paintings. Our Gospel today comes from the Gospel According to St. Matthew:
Jesus said to his apostles: “Whoever loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me,
and whoever loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me; and whoever does not take up his cross and follow after me is not worthy of me. Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it.
“Whoever receives you receives me, and whoever receives me receives the one who sent me. Whoever receives a prophet because he is a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward, and whoever receives a righteous man because he is a righteous man will receive a righteous man’s reward. And whoever gives only a cup of cold water to one of these little ones to drink because the little one is a disciple—amen, I say to you, he will surely not lose his reward.” Matthew 10:37-42
So, just what is Jesus saying here? When you get right down to it and boil it down to its most simple terms, Our Lord is saying what he says in Matthew 22:36-40:
“You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
There you have it. Put God first. Love people. It kind of reminds me of that old comedy skit, “Whose On First?” Only now, the question tends to be, “Who do you serve first?” Sounds simple, right? God first, right? Then people. Umm…not so much. In today’s world, with a global pandemic, racial tensions and protests, what are we doing to show who we love best? God? Our politics? Our nation? What people believe our Constitution says? What we want to believe? Or, again, does our God come first?
Again, Our Lord speaks to us in Matthew 25:
34 “Then the King will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world. 35 For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in, 36 I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.’ 37 “Then the righteous will answer him, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink? 38 When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you? 39 When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you?’ 40 “The King will reply, ‘Truly I tell you, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you did for me.’ 41 “Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. 42 For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink, 43 I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me.’ 44 “They also will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?’ 45 “He will reply, ‘Truly I tell you, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.’ 46 “Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life.”
Can we not apply these words to what is going on in our country today? Perhaps if Jesus were in the middle of us here, he would be saying, “You saw me oppressed and discriminated against and did nothing. You saw me vulnerable and refused to follow health guidelines”
We were, all of us, created with that pesky little thing called ‘free will,’ that allows us to choose how to behave, how to act. God is not going to force any of us to do anything, just as He does not force us to believe in Him, worship Him, or follow Him. It is time to stop giving lip service to our faith and actually live it. If we truly believe that God comes first in our lives, then it is time for us to, as they say, “put up or shut up.” It is up to each of us to conduct ourselves in a manner fitting our faith. We cannot profess to be a Christian and then sit back and do nothing to heal our nation, our society, and our brothers and sisters.
How, you ask?
Lobby for changes to discriminatory laws. Actively seek out social justice. Keep the conversation going. Educate yourself. Make your voice heard. Donate. Protest. Don’t avoid the discomfort you’re feeling. The past few weeks have been uncomfortable. We are supposed to be uncomfortable. Recognize that the ability to quickly move past the feelings that have been brought up in response to the things happening in our country and world is an absolute privilege, one that many people don’t have. The people who move past them are those who don’t harbor continual fear over the same thing happening to themselves or to their loved ones. Systematic injustices can only become invisible if they don’t affect you. Sit with the discomfort you’re feeling instead of ignoring it. Reflect on your own privilege and how you can do better for ALL people in the future. And then decide which actions you’re going to take going forward.
Ask yourself, what comes first, your politics, your race, your nationalism, your guns, or your God?
“But,” you say, “if I do those things, what if I make some people mad? What if I lose friends?” Again, I will refer you to what our Lord says: “Whoever loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me, and whoever loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me; and whoever does not take up his cross and follow after me is not worthy of me. Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. “
Isn’t it time that we, as Christians, start putting Christ first, start putting his people first? Isn’t it time that we as true followers of the Jesus that we proclaim learn to treasure what we have been given? Work for justice. Work for peace. Work for understanding. Fred Kaan, the lyricist, has written a hymn that is especially meaningful for today:
Put peace into each other’s hand and like a treasure hold it;
protect it like a candle flame, with tenderness enfold it.
Put peace into each other’s hand with loving expectation;
be gentle in your words and ways, in touch with God’s creation.
Put peace into each other’s hand like bread we break for sharing;
look people warmly in the eye: Our life is meant for caring.
Give thanks for strong yet tender hands, held out in trust and blessing.
Where words fall short, let hands speak out, the heights of love expressing.
Put peace into each other’s hand he is love’s deepest measure;
in love make peace, give peace a chance and share it like a treasure.
Let us pray:
God, we pray that Your Spirit may rule over all things. May Your Spirit rule over kings and presidents over prime ministers and generals over CEOs and party bosses over the legislature and over the bureaucrats over all citizens. May Your Spirit guide us on the way of peace on the way of honest dialogue on the way of reconciliation between peoples on the way of disarmament and justice on the way of freedom and life for all.
May Your Spirit lead us on the journey of blessings shared with all on the journey of educational opportunity for all our children on the adventure of research and study that helps all men and women on the road to meaningful work for all people on the path of solidarity and love between all our brothers and sisters.
May Your Spirit help us to speak up with courage to share what we have and what we are to challenge the powers that be to offer a message of liberation and life. We make this prayer through Christ, our Lord. Amen
Reading 1: IS 49:1-6
Responsorial Psalm: 139:1B-3, 13-14AB, 14C-15
Reading 2: ACTS 13:22-26
Gospel: LK 1:57-66, 80
Today, we as a church come together to commemorate the birth of St John the Baptist, often called the ‘Forerunner’.
John was the son of Zechariah and Elizabeth. In the Gospel of Luke, we are told that Zechariah was told beforehand about the birth, and that he was to be named John. The name John means “God is Gracious” (LK 1 :8=2:3).
John whilst still within his mother’s womb, instantly recognised the presence of Our Lord Jesus, who was also still in his mother’s womb, when Mary went to visit her cousin Elizabeth (LK 1 :41). John leapt for joy in Elizabeth’s womb as soon as Mary and Elizabeth met, and this is when John was cleansed of original sin. This came to pass just as the Angel Gabriel had previously promised Zechariah in LK 1 :15.
When John was older, he left the home of his parents and went to live his life in the desert. He wore only a garment made from camel skin and only had Locusts and wild honey to eat. John would preach in the desert (MK 1:6; Matt 3:4).
John went about preaching and proclaiming about the Kingdom of God and of a time of upcoming judgement. He invited those who wanted to repent, to allow him to baptise them as a sign of their repentance.
John, just like the prophets, disturbed the comfortable and gave much comfort to the disturbed. The message of John soon spread far and wide. The Gospel of Mark tells us that all peoples of both Jerusalem and Judea travelled to him to confess their sins as John baptised them in the river Jordan (MK 1:5).
John shows his humility clearly to us because he never wanted any attention for himself, he always directed people to Jesus. Some wondered if John was the Messiah, but John reassured them that indeed he wasn’t the messiah, and he declared that his ministry was merely a preparation for the coming of the Messiah. John said, “I have baptised you with water, but He will baptise you with the Holy Spirit.” (MK 1:8)
Then Jesus himself came to John to be baptised and John immediately recognised Jesus as the Messiah and he declared, “This is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world”. (JN 1 :29). This statement from John is still used in Mass prayer today, when the Priest holds up the sacred Host as we prepare for the Holy Eucharist, as the Priest says, “This is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world…”.
It was after being baptised by John, that our Lord Jesus began his Earthly ministry. When John had been baptised by John, John again showed his humility as again, he turned his attention to Jesus, declaring, “He must increase, I must decrease”(JN 3:30).
St John the Baptist is an excellent example that we as Christians should take much notice of within our lives of faith. Just as John always showed his humility by turning his attention away from himself and towards our Lord Jesus, we too, also need to show this same humility if we are truly to serve and follow the Lord. We also, must turn attention away from ourselves and towards Jesus. Just as John himself declared, “He must increase, I must decrease”.
Let us pray:
O glorious St John the Baptist, greatest prophet among those born of woman, although you were sanctified in your mother’s womb and lived a most innocent life, nevertheless, it was your will to live in the wilderness of the desert, there to devote yourself to the practice of austerity, penance and humility;
Obtain for us by your intercession, the grace of the Lord to be wholly detached within our hearts, from earthly goods and self attention. Increasing our humility and service, by making ourselves far lesser and in the never ending increasing, to be ever greater within our hearts and lives.
In the Name of God; Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Amen.
FEAR. A word we can all relate to, especially now. Fear if you are a woman. Fear if you are black. Fear if you are Gay. Fear if you are an “illegal alien.” The list goes on and on.
St. Francis de Sales said, “Fear is a greater evil than the evil itself.” (“Letters to Persons in the World”, 6, 12) How true this is. Although fear is our body’s natural reaction to the bad things all around us, God tells us we are not to fear. As we are more often than not, not able to do anything about what we fear in the first place, why be afraid at all? God is in control. Even if we fear that terrible things will happen to us, God is there to keep us safe.
Listen to today’s Gospel.
26 “So have no fear of them; for nothing is covered that will not be revealed or hidden that will not be known.
27 What I tell you in the dark, utter in the light; and what you hear whispered, proclaim upon the housetops.
Nothing that man can conjure up in the dark, hidden from the eyes of men, is hidden from the eyes of God. God will take care of you and me. The day will come when we will see all evil for what it is, a passing vapor of terror, then, it will be no more. The eyes of faith will see this. The deeds of darkness will be uttered in the light.
Again, it is St. Francis de Sales who said, “It will be quite enough to receive the evils which come upon us from time to time, without anticipating them by the imagination.” (“Letters to Persons in Religion,” 4, 2) How true this is, as it echoes the words of Jesus in the sermon on the mount.
28 And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.
Many fear those with guns and clubs and swords. We see the most dangerous things as those things which can hurt our human bodies. Nevertheless, Jesus calls us to a higher understanding. Yes, the body is important, and we would not want to say that it is not important, because we are a whole creature, body and soul together. Yet, some people are more concerned about the body than their eternal souls!
Jesus says, “do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.” That is, we should not have a false fear, a fear of only those who may kill our bodies, but, a true fear (standing in awe of God), who alone can cast the body and soul into Hell. Our fear of God should be the “fear” of “respect” for our King. (St. Matthew)
Why is this so? Because, God cares for you and for me.
29 Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? And not one of them will fall to the ground without your Father’s will.
30 But even the hairs of your head are all numbered. 31 Fear not, therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows.
Of sparrows there are many. God numbers these. Jesus says that not one of them dies, or falls to the ground, that the Father does not know of… and you and I are of more value than a whole flock of sparrows. Jesus is mercy toward us. John 3:16; Philippians 2 — these are the passages that declare how much God so loved the world (humankind).
Most of us have hair on our heads. Yet, there are some, like myself, who seem to suffer a loss of hair every day. Yet, God numbers the hairs of our heads. God CARES for us with or without hair!
God looks most closely to the hearts of people. How do we acknowledge (confess) God before men?
Do we do so fearfully, thinking we may suffer a loss of our social standing, if we are too “extreme” in our view and confession of Jesus Christ as our Lord and our Savior? Well, Jesus has something to say about our confession of Him before other people.
32 So every one who acknowledges me before men, I also will acknowledge before my Father who is in heaven;
33 but whoever denies me before men, I also will deny before my Father who is in heaven.
This is an important issue for us. We take an interesting quote from the Roman Breviary, Feasts of Confessors (Ambrosian, 6th century):
“Jesu, eternal Truth sublime,
Through endless years the same!
Thou crown of those who through all time
Confess Thy Holy Name.”
How important this is for all of us to remember the passionis, mortis et resurrectionis Jesu Christi (passion, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ)!
It is my purpose to CONFESS (acknowledge) Jesus before all men. I fear no one, because I know that God is faithful, that God cares for me.
Let us take up this Cross with Jesus, our Great Confessor!
“This confessor of the Lord Whose triumph
Now all the faithful celebrate, with gladness,
Erst on this feast day merited to enter into His glory.
Saintly and prudent, modest in behavior,
Peaceful and sober, chaste was He, and lowly,
While that life’s vigor, coursing through His members,
Quickened His being.”
(From Roman Breviary, Feasts of Confessors, Hymn Iste confessor Domini colentis, 8th century)
May we be like Him!
Everyone everywhere knows that the “heart” is a symbol of love. So it is with the Sacred Heart of Jesus. The Sacred Heart is the greatest symbol of love there is. And today, it is the Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. As a Catholic, you’ve seen the image of Jesus depicted in many ways–kneeling in prayer, surrounded by children, as a child in the arms of St. Anthony, and dying on the cross. One of the most recognizable images is the image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. It’s the image of Jesus with His heart exposed, surrounded by thorns, with flames and a cross emerging from the top. This image of Jesus is striking and powerful. In honor of the Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, let’s take a look at the meaning of this image. What does it symbolize? Why do we celebrate the Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus? Also, who was Margaret Mary Alacoque and what was her connection to the Sacred Heart of Jesus?
The sacred heart of Jesus Christ is a symbol that entered the world through the mystical experiences of several Roman Catholic nuns to whom the pierced Heart of the Savior appeared in visions. Yet it was Saint Mary Alocoque who perceived, through many supernatural visions of Christ’s passion, the symbol of the inflamed pierced heart, encircled with thorns. This vision is known as the “great apparition”, which occurred during the octave of Corpus Christi, in June of 1675.
In this vision Jesus entrusted Saint Mary with the mission of propagating the new devotion. Jesus continued to appear to Margaret Mary and made revelations to her until 1675. It wasn’t until 1856, that Pope Pius IX decreed that the feast should be regularly celebrated throughout the world.
What Does the Sacred Heart Symbolize?
Catholics (and people in general) are visual people. Jesus knows this about us that’s why in addition to using parables to give us messages, He uses images to convey His messages. Seeing an image of the Heart of Jesus with thorns and the cross and flames certainly grabs our attention and speaks to us. He is saying, look at My Heart and see what I am feeling. The thorns around His heart are a representation of our sins and how our sinning pierces His heart. The flames and the cross serve as a reminder of the suffering He endured for our salvation and of His burning love for us. The dripping blood represents the blood Jesus shed for our salvation. That’s a pretty powerful message! But let’s explore this image in depth, to understand it fully.
The Sacred Heart is often depicted in Christian art as a flaming heart shining with divine light, pierced by the lance-wound, encircled by the crown of thorns, surmounted by a cross, and bleeding. Sometimes the image is shown shining within the bosom of Christ with his wounded hands pointing at the heart.
Heart: The heart is the center of being, both physical and spiritual. The heart represents compassion, understanding, love and charity. It also represents the temple of God, His Divine Center and dwelling place. The heart is the spiritual center of a being. The pierced and bleeding heart alludes to the manner of Jesus’ death and reveals to us Christ’s goodness and charity through his wounds and ultimate sacrifice.
Crown of thorns: A crown is a symbol that represents sovereignty, victory, honor, dignity, reward, the highest attainment, dedication, completeness, the circle of time, of continuity and endless duration. For Christians it is also a symbol of the righteous, blessing and favor, and victory over death. Yet the crown that was placed on Christ’s head was made of thorns to deliberately parody the crown of roses worn by the Roman Emperor. The crown of thorns has thus become the symbol of the Passion and martyrdom of Jesus Christ.
Cross: In Christianity, the cross is a symbol of salvation through Christ’s sacrifice. It is redemption, atonement, suffering and a symbol of faith.
Flames or Fire: Transformation, purification, renewal of life, power, strength, energy. Fire facilitates change or passage from one state to the other. Fire manifested as flame symbolizes spiritual power and forces. Fire and flame both represent truth and knowledge as consumers of lies, ignorance, illusion and death.
Light: Light is a symbol of life, truth, illumination and a source of goodness. Radiance emitted by light symbolizes new life from divinity and the power of dispelling evil and the forces of darkness. It also embodies the aspects splendor, glory and joy. When illustrated the straight line usually represents light and the undulating line is symbolically heat; light and heat are symbolically complementary and polarize the element of fire.
The sacred heart is a symbol of great self sacrifice and unconditional divine love for all beings captured in the actions and deeds of Jesus Christ. When our love and compassion overcomes and sacrifices our own ego, our spirit will be liberated and transform our entire being into a holy one. If we align ourselves with meaning of the Sacred Heart and the liberating vibration of Christ consciousness, this great symbol can become a gateway for us to change the world through our expression of unequivocal, genuine love. So, let us love one another unconditionally.
As my Father has loved Me, so have I loved you. — John 15:8
Reading 1: DT 8:2-3, 14B-16A
Responsorial Psalm:PS 147:12-13, 14-15, 19-20
Reading 2: 1 COR 10:16-17
Gospel: JN 6:51-58
Today we celebrate the Most Holy Body and Blood of Our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ.
Jesus is the heavenly food and Nourishment which we all need.
The thing about food is that not only do we need it to live, we need it each and every single day. This truth helps us to understand today’s gospel, because Jesus presents himself to us as food, as the living bread. Throughout the gospel of John, Jesus applies images to himself in order to convey his purpose in our lives. In John 8:12 , Jesus says, “I am the light of the world.” As light, Jesus is telling us that we need him to see what is good and what is true. In John 10:11, Jesus says, “I am the good shepherd.” A shepherd takes care of the sheep. As shepherd, Jesus is showing us that we need him to be safe. In today’s Holy gospel reading, Jesus says, “I am the bread that has come down from heaven.” As bread, Jesus is revealing to us that we need him for life and that we need him each and every single day. As bread, Jesus is saying it is not enough to turn to him when we need to be protected or when we need guidance. We need to turn to him every single day, because he is our food. He is our Nourishment.
So how can we be fed by our Lord Jesus each and every day? There are some great and obvious ways. The most glorious way is in the one that we celebrate today, of The Body and Blood of Our Lord: the Holy Eucharist. We, as Catholics, believe that when the bread and wine are blessed on the altar, they become for us the real presence of Jesus: his body, his blood, his soul, and his divinity. When we receive the body and blood of Christ, Jesus feeds us and shares his power and grace with us. But we are fed not only by the Holy Eucharist, but also by the word of God in the holy scriptures. Each time we read from the Bible and seek its meaning, Our Lord nourishes us.
Clearly both the Holy Eucharist and the Holy scriptures are both very crucial ways for us to be fed. But few of us receive the Eucharist or read the scriptures in the bible every single day. So, how then can we be fed by Christ daily? We can adopt the habit of prayer into our daily lives. Now when I speak of prayer, I am not talking about saying prayers, although saying prayers is important. If we are able to say the rosary or to set aside fifteen minutes for meditation each day, that would be valuable to do so. But the prayer I am advising is much more simple. I am talking about connecting regular events in our lives to Christ. For example, when we open your eyes in the morning, why not commit ourselves to make that moment a prayer. It can be a simple “Thank you, Lord, for this day,” In that moment of prayer, Christ will feed us. When we say goodnight to our children or to our spouse if we have them, why not make that moment a prayer. We can choose to thank God for the blessing of the people who make our life worth living. In that blessing, Christ will nourish us. When we see a funeral procession, we can stop and say a prayer for the person who has died and ask Christ to increase our belief in eternal life. By pausing to do that, Christ will strengthen our faith. When we see something that is wrong in the world, whether it be in our family, at work, at school, or anywhere else in the world, we should stop and ask Christ to show us how we might make it better. In that prayer and the service that flows from it, Christ will be our bread.
We need to be fed by Christ every day. Our food is the Holy Eucharist, together with the scriptures, and simple prayer at the key moments of life. How often do we need to be fed? More than once each day is a must. If Christ is our food, we must find a way to be fed by Christ daily. We should make him our breakfast, lunch, and dinner—and perhaps, a snack or two in the day, and also before we go to sleep each and every single day of our lives.
Saint Barnabas, Apostle was born in Cyprus and died in Salamis in the 1st century. The Acts of the Apostles describes Barnabas as ‘a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith’ (Acts 6:24). His Jewish parents called him Joseph, but when he sold all his goods and gave the money to the apostles in Jerusalem, they gave him a new name: Barnabas, which means ‘son of consolation’ or ‘man of encouragement.’ Although Barnabas was not among the original Twelve, he is traditionally thought to have been among the 72 commissioned by Jesus to preach; thus, he is given the honorary title of Apostle.
Barnabas the Levite lived with the earliest Christians in Jerusalem. He was one of the first to welcome Saint Paul, the former persecutor of the early Church, and his former schoolmate. He persuaded the Christians of Jerusalem to accept Paul’s claim that he was now a believer in Jesus (Acts 9:26-30). Barnabas was sent to Antioch, Syria, to investigate the community of non-Jewish believers there, and brought Paul there from Tarsus. It was in Antioch that the followers of The Way were first called Christians. With Paul he took the Antiochean donation to Jerusalem community during a famine.
Thereafter he, his cousin John Mark, and Paul returned to Antioch before setting out together on the first missionary journey of the Christian church ” Acts 11:22-26
“Then tidings of these things came unto the ears of the church which was in Jerusalem: and they sent forth Barnabas, that he should go as far as Antioch. Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord. For he was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: and much people was added unto the Lord. Then departed Barnabas to Tarsus, for to seek Saul. And when he had found him, he brought him unto Antioch. And it came to pass, that a whole year they assembled themselves with the church, and taught much people. And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.Acts. They went first to Cyprus, Barnabas’ native land, and for this reason Barnabas is honored as the founder of the Cypriot church. Then they continued on to Perga (whence John Mark returned to Jerusalem), Antioch in Pisidia (where they were so violently opposed by the Jews that they decided to preach to the pagans), and Iconium (where they were stoned). At Lystra in Lycaonia, they were thought to be gods because of the miracles they worked and the physical beauty of Barnabas “.
After being taken as pagan gods, they were stoned out of the city, and fled back to Antioch in Syria. When a dispute arose regarding the observance of the Jewish laws and customs, Paul and Barnabas returned to Jerusalem for the council that decided that non-Jews would not have to be circumcised to be baptized.
When they returned to Antioch, Barnabas wanted Paul and John Mark to continue their travels with him, but Paul fell out with John Mark–perhaps because John Mark had abandoned them at Perga. In spite of Paul’s extremely forceful character, Barnabas took Mark’s side, demonstrating that he was a man of considerable determination and courage. The Acts of the Apostles says, “There arose a sharp contention between them. Barnabas took Mark with him and sailed away to Cyprus”. Paul chose a new ally, Silas, and went elsewhere to strengthen the churches. Little more is heard of Barnabas though it is believed that the rift with Paul was healed because we read about Barnabas later in 1 Corinthians 9:6). (Paul also discusses his relationship to Barnabas in his letter to the Galatians.)
Tradition says that Barnabas preached in Alexandria and Rome, and was stoned to death at Salamis about 61 AD. He is considered the founder of the Cypriot Church. Barnabas is spoken of simply as one who dedicated his life to the Lord. He was a man “filled with the Holy Spirit and faith. Thereby, large numbers were added to the Lord.” Even when he and Paul were expelled from Antioch in Pisidia—modern-day Turkey—they were “filled with joy and the Holy”.
God our Father, you filled Saint Barnabas with faith and the Holy Spirit. and sent him to convert the nations. Help us to proclaim the gospel by word and deed. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you. in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.
First Reading: Genesis 1:1-2:4a
Responsorial Psalm: Ps 8:1-9
Second Reading: 2 Cor 13:11-13
Gospel: Matt: 28:16-20
Soon after my twins started their catechesis this fall, they learned the Sign of the Cross:
“In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit”. They were so excited that
they could finally participate in at least one of the many incomprehensible things about the Mass
they attended each week. Slowly, they were beginning to do the things the grownups and older
kids were doing—they were becoming part of the community. Soon after, I got the inevitable
question: “What is the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit?” The only thing sadder than my
struggle to explain the Trinity to an 8-year-old was their attempt to understand what I was
saying. In the end, they let me off easy and chalked it up to something that would become
clearer as they got older. But, as we adults know, it is not quite that easy.
The Trinity. It is the most fundamental dogma of the Catholic faith and yet the most
difficult to understand. We cannot truly follow Christ until we know who He truly is, and we
cannot know who He truly is until we understand the Trinity. For those unfamiliar with the dogma
of the Trinity or who have not been formed in the Christian faith, the Trinity seems like a useless
theological parlor game. Three persons in one God, each distinct but all part of a single Deity:
distinct, equal, inseparable. Why is it necessary to make God so complicated? What difference
does the Trinity make to our salvation and to our faith in Jesus? The answer is, like the Trinity
itself, deceptive simple. God is love, as John 4:7-21 says. God is love. And if God is love, then
the Trinity is Love. God is one love expressed in three persons, three kinds of loving
relationships. Our Second Reading from 2 Corinthians 13:13 expresses this so succinctly: “The
grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with all
of you”. We will use Paul’s summation of the Trinity to guide us through our reflection on the
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Our reading from Corinthians speaks of the “love of God”. We believe the first “person”
of the Trinity is God the Father. So, let’s start here. Scripture tells us that God created us from
his own spirit. Genesis says, “And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth: and
breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul” (2:7). So, the Father’s
love is one of giving us life from His own breath, His own essence. Maybe more important for
us living as sinners on this earth, is the fact that God the Father not only created us from His
own essence, but he also created us from His own goodness. Genesis 1:31 tells us that after
God the Father made the universe, He “saw all the things that he had made, and they were very
good.” (Gen 1:31). And to emphasize this creative love and goodness, God the Father gave us
another gift: His son, our Lord Jesus Christ. John 3:16 tells us in that famous passage: “For
God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in Him, may
not perish, but may have life everlasting”. So God the Father gave us another creation, the
Incarnation of Jesus Christ, the Word made Flesh for us; another free gift that had within it not
only God the Father’s creative love but also the very epitome of his creative goodness.
The second “person” of the Trinity is God the Son, Jesus Christ. In His Son Jesus, God
the Father makes His redemptive love, His sacrificial love, manifest in a new way. I want to be
clear here, God the Father has always had a redemptive and sacrificial love for humanity—this
is not a new love. Jesus Christ, who was with the Father since the beginning, does not undo
what His Father created; He only creates a new way for us to make relationship with the same
old love God the Father had for the Israelites throughout the Old Testament. Our reading
speaks of the “grace of the Lord Jesus Christ”, part of this grace Jesus imparts to us as a free
gift is his wonderful new commandment. Remember the 10 Commandments in the Old
Testament? These don’t go away, but Jesus sums them up in a new way in John 13:34: “A new
commandment I give unto you: That you love one another, as I have loved you, that you also
love one another”. But, one might say, God the Father gave commandments and covenants all
through the Old Testament and the Israelites kept breaking them, how is this new
commandment any different? The answer is that this new commandment did not come down
written on tablets of stone but came down written on the Sacred Heart of Jesus Himself. Jesus
died for us. He willingly surrendered his divine self so that he could be the least of us, the poor,
the scorned, the unfairly accused, the beaten, the tortured, the executed. Jesus, the living gift
of God the Father, freely chooses to give us His own gift, the gift of His death and resurrection.
From this supreme gift, we have the gift of the Sacrament of Reconciliation, which re-creates us
in the original love and goodness of the Father and allows us to preserve the bond of grace and
love we have with God, despite our faults and failures.
The third “person” of the Trinity is the Holy Spirit. To understand the Holy Spirit, we can
go back to the passage from our Gospel reading where Jesus says in Matthew 28:20, “and
behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world”. Jesus makes this
promise because He intends to ask the Father to send a comforter, who will stay with humanity
in in all times and in all places. In John 14:16, Jesus says: “And I will ask the Father, and he
shall give you another Paraclete, that he may abide with you forever”. As we have seen, God
the Father gave us life and the Law and His only begotten Son. God the Son gave us His new
commandment of love, his life and resurrection, and the Holy Spirit. But what does the Holy
Spirit give? The Holy Spirit gives us the free gift of grace of belonging, that gift that allow us to
live in the love and goodness of God and serve Him. This is the “communion of the Holy Spirit
that our reading from Corinthians speaks about. Paul says it best in 1 Corinthians 12, 7-13:
“Now there are diversities of graces, but the same Spirit… And the manifestation
of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit. To one indeed, by the Spirit, is
given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to
the same Spirit;…But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing
to every one according as he will…For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one
body, whether Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free; and in one Spirit we have
all been made to drink.
So, the Holy Spirit gives us the grace of serving others and the grace of being served by others.
And so the Trinity is Love. A gift of love that keeps giving until the end of time. It is
God’s embarrassment of riches in His desire to love us. It is a love that creates us in goodness,
loved by the Father; redeems us in goodness, loved by the Son, and keeps us in the grace of
belonging to that supreme goodness that is the Church, loved by the Holy Spirit. The Trinity is
one God and one love expressed in three “Persons” that invite us to three different relationships
with love and with each other. And so, as I think about it: I do have an answer for children who
ask what the Trinity is and for those, young at heart, who still care enough to question: The
Trinity is God’s loophole of love—in an irrepressible and unrelenting passion for us, God defies
His own laws of physics to love us three times as much with one heart. And this is the love that
Jesus commands us to impart in our Gospel when he invites us to “Go therefore, teach ye all
nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. (Matt.
Reading 1: ACTS 2:1-11
Responsorial Psalm: PS 104:1, 24, 29-30, 31, 34
Reading 2: 1 COR 12:3B-7, 12-13
Gospel: JN 20:19-23
Liturgical colour: Red.
Today we celebrate Pentecost Sunday, the birthday of the church. Pentecost Sunday is the Sunday is the
final Sunday before we return to Ordinary time.
Today, the Liturgical colour in the church is red. Now many may see red as being the colour of
Martyrdom since this is the colour we use for martyr feast days, so as this is not a feast of Martyrdom,
why do we wear the Liturgical colour of red today? It is because red has another meaning as well as for
Martyrdom, an extremely important meaning:
We are wearing red today because red is the church liturgical colour of the Holy Spirit. Red is the colour
of fire and symbolizes the presence of God. Just as Moses saw the burning bush as a symbol of God’s
presence, so we wear red today as a symbol of God’s presence with us, but also as a reminder of the
coming of the Spirit on that Pentecost after the resurrection and ascension of Christ.
Most Christians could not imagine having a year go by without celebrating the holidays of Christmas and
Easter. It is understood by all Christians, no matter how long or short their relationship with God and the
church has been that no Christian calendar is complete without the observance of these two events.
However, there is a third observance, a third sacred event that is just as central to our understanding of
what it means to be a Christian and what it means to belong to the church; though most Christians do
not celebrate this event, and many never have heard of it or know little or nothing about it.
That third event is today, Pentecost Sunday. This third great day in the Christian calendar is rooted in the
story in Acts 2 and celebrates the day when the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles who were
gathered in a room in Jerusalem. Before Pentecost, those men were hiding from the public for fear that
what had happened to Jesus might also happen to them. After Pentecost, those frightened men had
become suddenly and miraculously equipped and empowered to carry on the ministry Jesus had
begun—in the very city of Jerusalem where Jesus recently had been put to death.
Some people mistakenly believe the observance of Pentecost has meaning only for those members of
the Christian family who call themselves Pentecostals. The truth is the history of the Christian church
stretches back more than 2,000 years, while the Pentecostal movement did not emerge in its fullness
until the Azusa Street revival in Los Angeles, California., at the turn of the 20th century.
Pentecost began as and remains one of the major holidays on the Jewish calendar that occurs 50 days
after Passover. The word Pentecost literally means “50th or 50th day.” For Jews, Pentecost was the time
when they celebrated the first harvest of the agricultural year. It was a time when they gave thanks to
God for what the land had produced and for what their labor had yielded.
For Christians, Pentecost marks the birthday of the Christian church, the day when Peter preached and
in response to that sermon there was also a harvest of 3,000 souls converted.
Remember I said Peter preached the first sermon about Jesus as recorded in Acts 2. This is the same
Peter who 53 days earlier had said about Jesus; “I never knew Him.” This is the same Peter who had
nothing to say about Jesus when someone asked him directly if he was one of the followers of Jesus.
Peter, on the Day of Pentecost, stood before a crowd of the same people he once feared, yet he boldly
declared the gospel of Jesus Christ.
Going further, Peter stood before many of the same people who had shouted, “Crucify Him,” on the day
Jesus stood trial before Pontius Pilate in the city of Jerusalem. Now Peter declared in no uncertain terms
the Man they had ordered to be crucified was, in fact, the Son of God. How did Peter go from being
frightened to being fearless? How did Peter go from being cowardly to being courageous? How did Peter
go from denying Jesus to defending Jesus before the very same people in the very same place?
Peter did not simply change his mind; Peter himself was changed. Something happened to Peter and to
the other 10 apostles, as well to set them on fire for Jesus Christ to such a degree that it was soon said
about them, “Here are those who are turning the world upside down” (Acts 17:6). What happened to
them, and what needs to happen to everyone who calls him or herself a disciple of Jesus Christ is what
Pentecost is all about.
Pentecost marks the outpouring of the Holy Spirit by which human beings are equipped to do the work
of God. We are not by our own natural resources going to save the world, establish God’s kingdom or
usher in what Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. often referred to as “the beloved community.” If any of these
things does happen, it will be because we have acknowledged, embraced and moved under the power
and conviction of Pentecost and the work of the Holy Spirit.
Consider these three events this way: If Christmas marks the birth of Jesus, Pentecost marks the birth of
the church; if Easter marks the day when Jesus was raised from the dead, Pentecost marks the day when
that message about Jesus began to make its way to people and places all over the world. Of course, the
church and the world do not treat Pentecost as they do Christmas and Easter. For instance, there are no
Pentecost sales, no Pentecost tree, no Pentecost pageant; and I have never heard of the Pentecost
The fact that we have failed to understand or observe this day on the calendar does not change the
basic truth this day holds for every believer. Unless you make room for Pentecost in your understanding
of what it means to be a Christian, you never will understand your faith fully. Remember that in Acts 1:6-
8 Jesus tells the apostles to remain in the city of Jerusalem until the power of the Holy Spirit came upon
them. He was not sending them out to evangelize on the basis of their life experiences or their
understanding of religious laws and teachings. He was not suggesting that spending three years in His
presence had resulted in them being equipped for the work that lay ahead. Instead, He told them to
wait for the power, wait for the anointing, wait for the Holy Spirit to come upon them. Once they had
that power, they would be ready to go. Until that happened—wait!
Pentecost Sunday is the day we remember when and how that anointing took place. While they all were
huddled in a room in Jerusalem behind locked doors and shuttered windows, they heard the sound of a
rushing wind. What appeared to be tongues of fire seemed to settle over the head of each person. They
began to speak in other languages, but what they were saying was understood clearly in the native
language of each person gathered in Jerusalem that day. You see, the power of Pentecost was not the
unknown tongues in which the apostles were speaking. The miracle was that people from every known
region of the world were able to understand what was being said in his or her language.
It was immediately after the miracle of understanding that something else of equal importance took
place: The work of the church in the world as an agent of reconciliation and evangelism began. I invite
you to think about Easter and Christmas as events that involve Jesus as the primary actor. On Christmas,
Jesus was born into the world and laid in a manger. There were no disciples present for that event. What
do you and I do on Christmas that is central to the story? Nothing! On Easter, Jesus was raised from the
dead with all power in His hands. Once again, there were no disciples involved in bringing that event to
pass. There is nothing for us to do on Easter except celebrate and give thanks for the work Christ has
done on our behalf.
On Pentecost, though, all of that changes—you and I are called away from our roles as spectators into
the role of central characters in God’s work of redemption and salvation. As a result of Pentecost, we do
not watch what somebody else is doing for God, but are being equipped by the power of the Holy Spirit
so we can become actively involved in the work of salvation and redemption. That is what Pentecost is
all about; it is the day Jesus officially transfers to His disciples the responsibility of spreading the
message of salvation.
Pentecost is the day when God begins the process of converting the world to faith in the gospel of Jesus
Christ. Most important of all, Pentecost is the day when God decided the way the world would be
evangelized was not by the singular ministry of His Son, Jesus Christ, but by the anointed and
empowered efforts of every single person who calls him or herself a Christian. The time for following
Jesus as a disciple or learner is over, and the time to carry His message forth as apostles has come.
Those disciples were no longer spectators; the time had come for them to do the work themselves.
Think about any event in your life when you began by watching what somebody else was doing, then
suddenly the responsibility to work was passed to you. I can remember how easy it looked to slice the
turkey on Thanksgiving Day when my Uncle James had the carving knife in his hands. He would explain
to us younger fellows what he was doing, but all we were doing was watching. Then the day finally came
when somebody made the wrong assumption that because I had watched somebody carve a turkey that
I must know how to do it, as well. I just tore that poor bird up, and finally somebody else came along
and did the job right. It is one thing to watch while somebody else does all the work. It is another matter
to do the job yourself. However, that is what God called those disciples to do on the day of Pentecost.
We need to receive the Holy Spirit so we can do the work of discipleship that awaits each one of us. We
cannot preach correctly unless we have received and depend on the Holy Spirit. We cannot pray, sing,
serve or live correctly as a Christian unless and until we have been empowered and enlightened by the
Holy Spirit, which first fell on the Lord’s apostles in Jerusalem on Pentecost!
Do you remember when God made Adam from the dust of the earth in Genesis 2:7? Although God had
the body of Adam, nothing happened with that body until God breathed His Spirit into the nostrils of
Adam, who then became a living soul.
Do you remember the dry bones in the valley in Ezekiel 37? Although Ezekiel spoke to the bones and
they came together to form a body, the body could not and did not move until the Spirit of God blew
over those bones. The same thing is true with the church and with every Christian; no matter what our
spiritual gifts might be, they never will function to their full capacity until we allow the Holy Spirit to
blow over us, fill us and equip us for God’s service.
I love the Pentecost hymn that says:
“Breathe on me, breath of God,
“Fill me with life anew,
“That I may live as You did live,
“And do what You would do.”
The same message is found in the more familiar hymn that says:
“Spirit of the living God, fall afresh on me,
“Spirit of the living God, fall afresh on me.
“Melt me, mold me, fill me, and use me.
“Spirit of the living God, fall afresh on me.”
In both cases, we cannot do our work, employ our gifts or exercise our ministry areas until God has filled
us and transformed us by the power of the Holy Spirit. However, once the Holy Spirit has come, we can
have the same boldness, conviction and possibly the same results Peter had on the Day of Pentecost
when 3,000 souls were added to the church at the end of his sermon. We need the power of Pentecost!
Pentecost is the day when gender walls seem to come down. Peter said Pentecost is the fulfillment of
the prophecy of Joel who said, “God will pour out His Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your
daughters will prophesy…Even upon the menservants and maidservants in those days will I pour out My
Spirit” (Joel 2:28). Pentecost is the day when God tears down all the walls of division in the world and
We need to move beyond the idea that God cannot use both men and women in the ministry of the
gospel. Paul would go on to say, “In Christ there is neither male nor female, neither slave nor free,
neither Jew nor Gentile” (Galatians 3:28). The same Paul who commended Timothy in 2 Timothy 1:1-6
also commended Phoebe in Romans 16:1. These times in which we live are another embodiment of the
Spirit of Pentecost, as God is once again pouring out His Spirit upon our sons and daughters. We need to
embrace this aspect of the power and purpose of Pentecost!
While Ascension Day is a Day of Holy Obligation, it is one of the most neglected feast days of the Christian church. This is sad enough in itself, but in ignoring the festival, the opportunity is lost for reflecting on what the Ascension means.
Maybe we tend to ignore Ascension Day because it normally falls on a weekday. Is this the reason it doesn’t get the attention it deserves? This is a pity because it is full of significance in the historical life of Jesus when on Earth – and his continuing ministry for us in heaven. As a weekday event it reminds us that Christianity isn’t just something for Sunday – it’s an experience for every day. As Christians, we are to celebrate Our Lord every day, every second of our being. If we gloss over its truth we rob ourselves of a most important doctrine, for without the Ascension, the work of Christ would be incomplete. Because we do not place as much emphasis on the Ascension, we miss the tremendous truth of the Ascension.
St. Augustine, the great fifth century theologian, called the ascension the most important Christian festival of the year, more important than Christmas, more important than Pentecost, even more important than Easter. For the ascension reminds us just how high Jesus was raised, and what that means.
‘This is that festival which confirms the grace of all the festivals together, without which the profitableness of every festival would have perished. For unless the Saviour had ascended into heaven, his Nativity would have come to nothing…and his Passion would have borne no fruit for us, and his most holy Resurrection would have been useless.’
What Saint Augustine says here resonates with the passage in Ephesians 4:10, where Saint Paul says that ‘He who descended is he who also ascended far above all the heavens, that he might fill all things’ – i.e.; that by ascending into Heaven, and taking our human nature up with Him into the heavenly places, He completed the process of redemption by reclaiming His place as rightful sovereign of the universe, so that He might be present to us in a different way. If He had not so returned, the process would not have been completed, and as Jesus said in John 16:7, ‘it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you’.
The gospel writer Luke is renowned as a careful historian. When he recorded the birth of Jesus he rooted the event in its historical setting within the Roman Empire. He continues that same preciseness at the end of our Lord’s earthly ministry by recalling the place of the Ascension – at Bethany. He dates the event – 40 days after the resurrection on Easter Day. He emphases the presence of eyewitnesses – the Ascension took place he writes “before their very eyes” (Acts 1:9). Yes, the Ascension was a real event of history.
Some people are puzzled as to why Jesus waited around on Earth 40 days after his resurrection, but that period is no accident, and Jesus had things to do.
Jesus had endured the Devil’s temptation for 40 days in the wilderness at the beginning of his public ministry, but now the tables were turned. In the period after Jesus’ resurrection, He triumphantly paraded his victory over the Satan. During this time, the conqueror of death displayed his supremacy before his faithful followers so that they might share in the joy of his victory. But there was another reason. Those 40 days of his appearing after the resurrection were of immense value to the believers for they established the reality of his lordship. A single sighting of the risen Christ may have been open to question, but his continuous encounters with the disciples would remove the doubts of the most skeptical among them and assure them of his power and authority.
The resurrection of Jesus marked the ending of a chapter in his earthly life. Things could never be the same again and it was essential that there should be a clear-cut event to bring the chapter to a close. It’s true that Jesus was making a series of appearances to his followers, but they couldn’t go on forever.
It would have been odd if Jesus’ post-resurrection appearances had grown fewer until finally they just stopped – that would only cause confusion and even loss of faith. No, there had to be a single, miraculous occurrence, separating the time when the Jesus of Earth would become the Christ of heaven. The Ascension was the only fitting conclusion to the life of Jesus on Earth.
Luke tells us of the disciples with their eyes straining to catch the last glimpse of the cloud bearing up their Lord. But then they were quickly brought back to earth. It would seem that with their eyes heavenward they didn’t notice the two heavenly beings that slipped quietly alongside them until they spoke: “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking unto heaven?,” as if to remind the disciples of the work that they had been given to do. The angels, for angels they were, had to tell the disciples to get to business.
And so it is with us. Ascension Day reminds us of the Mystery of Faith: “Christ has died, Christ is risen, Christ will come again.”
Christ will come again. And as we await the “coming again” of Christ, we, like the disciples, have a job to do, business to attend to. Although we live in the time between Jesus’ Ascension and his coming again, we have something to do now. In Matthew 28:18-20, Jesus says, “Go to the people of all nations and make them my disciples. Baptize them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and teach them to do everything I have told you. I will be with you always, even until the end of the world.”
Where do we start? Jesus has the answer for that, too. In John 13 Jesus says to us, “ But I am giving you a new command. You must love each other, just as I have loved you. If you love each other, everyone will know that you are my disciples.” We are to continue to change the world in the work that Jesus has given us to do by helping others to see Jesus through and in us, by showing that love that he demonstrated, by bringing that love to everyone.
Jesus told us to love everyone. Love. Everyone. Period. Not just those whose politics are the same as ours. Not only those whose religion is the same as ours, not only those whose lifestyles are the same as ours. Love. Everyone. Period.
We would all of us do well to pray:
“Lord, make me an instrument of thy peace.
Where there is hatred, let me sow love;
Where there is injury, pardon;
Where there is doubt, faith;
Where there is despair, hope;
Where there is darkness, light;
Where there is sadness, joy.
Love. Everyone. Period.
Come Lord Jesus.
My beloved brothers and sisters, dear family of our risen Lord Jesus Christ, as we have passed the middle of Eastertide season, and we are approaching closer to the feast of Ascension of our Lord in Heaven, we have all experienced, during every Gospel story during His presence among His disciples, from the very moment of the devoted women who first have seen the open tomb and sow the Angel, Saint Thomas, the two people going home in Emmaus, and Jesus explaining all the Scripture, braeking the bread, preparing the meal beside the lake.
We believe all these events that have occurred, strengthening their faith as ours too, passing every liturgical season in the calendar, growing in our faith.
Let us strive to preach the risen Christ our Lord, with our daily prayers, for the conversion of sinners and for all blasphemies against His Sacred Heart.
Let us preach the Gospel through our daily little acts of piety and affection to our neighbors, spend one hour with those that are lonely and that need our attention or company, when we don’t have what to offer for their material benefit, we still can sacrifice of our time for them, even we maybe are passing turbulent times, we can still help each other, to one to another with our confession of confidence, if we build this true connection in purity and sanctity with them, that will help a lot to bear the good and the negative of one to another, and even give a good advice we are gifted from God , a beg that all of us can give good and prudent advices.
We always can pray and petition those vulnerable people, sign the names, and offer in the daily offering of mass, or recited the office of dead for those that they might lost.
Let testify to them, with all the respect to them.
I see so many lonely people around, that are with no friends, or family members, like strangers, forgotten from the society, let us be that light, to bring them good energy, to spend time, even when we are not capable facing our own demons, , I will sacrifice that one hour, so that can feel that we are here always for them in good or in negative, always when they need our company, we can share our support, visiting the elderly and the disabled, make some nice shopping, spend nice time with tea or coffee, talking about anything that they prefer.
I do not force Jesus to them, I just act in a most modest and humble way, and my preaching is through the action and true friendship.
We must petition for the needs of all of them.
As a deacon, is not so much that I can offer, like the holy sacraments, but with God’s grace and authority of the Holy Mother Church, volunteer work , the Divine Office prayer, , the visitations to the disabled and elderly, and those that seek advice, or are searching for deeper understanding, or having vocation, those in need of advice and prayer.
As we are striving the Dominicans to study and the fruits from what we study to put into action to the world around us, and those that seem to be sanctified and to live a holy life.
Always to hold the truth, to live the Truth and to endure within the Truth. Veritas-Truth- devoted life in absolute integrity with God, who is Father, Son and Holy Ghost. Amen
Deacon Igor Kalinski OPI; Dominican Oratory of St’s. Sebastian & Peregrine in Gevgelija/N. Macedonia